Carnforth is twinned with Sailly Sur La Lys in Northern France, a town which was occupied by both German and Allied forces during the Great War. During 1918, it featured in the Battle of the Lys, in which the 55th West Lancashire Division, containing units from the Lancaster area, fought. It has been decided by members of both twinning associations that we should work together to research the histories of our respective towns during the Great War and to compare our discoveries, stories and themes. We aim to publish the results bilingually in the form of information panels, maps, guides and possibly a book. In addition, we hope to arrange appropriate commemorations, in both France and England, of the Battle of the Lys, during its centenary in 2018. Continue reading
I taught history in Kendal for 13 years. During that time, I, my colleagues and my pupils carried out several interesting projects relating to the Great War. In about 2005, I challenged my year 9 pupils to research the lives of the soldiers recorded on the town’s war memorial. Two young men embraced the challenge with gusto and wrote notes about every local soldier who is buried in Parkside Cemetery. One of them told me that he had never learned so much history before, which is exactly what I wanted to hear.
Ellesmere Port is a remarkable place. It lies on the banks of the River Mersey, at the southern end of the Wirral Peninsula. It grew as a result of its links with the Midlands via the Ellesmere Canal (later called the Shropshire Union Canal) and access to Liverpool, Manchester and the wider world via the Manchester Ship Canal and River Mersey. Two ironworks arrived early in the 20th century – Burnell’s in 1903 and The Wolverhampton Corrugated Iron Company in 1905. By 1911 the two works were employing over 3,000 people between them and the town’s population had risen by 142.5 percent since 1901.
Thomas’s name appears on the Morecambe War Memorial. The first source to mention his existence is the 1901 census:
We see that Thomas’s parents were Henry and Mary De Maine and that Thomas had a brother called John McClure Demaine who was born in about 1893. The next source is the 1911 census: Continue reading
Private Dixon appears on Morecambe War Memorial and was mentioned in the ‘Lancaster Guardian’ of 25th March 1916 as follows:
The article is typical of the time and gives us a brief, but useful introduction to the experiences of one Morecambe family during the Great War. We notice the following facts:
- In 1916, the Dixon family lived at 65 Edward Street, Morecambe.
- Farrell was serving with the Duke of Wellington’s West Riding Regiment.
- He was killed in action ‘in France’ on 2nd March 1916 aged 24.
- He went to France at the beginning of the summer of 1915.
- He had been on leave a month prior to his death.
- Farrell’s father, George, served in the Royal Army Medical Corps.
- His brother, Leonard, was an ‘Old Territorial’, who was also on active service and had been seriously wounded in the left arm.
- His brother, George Frederick, was a sergeant in the King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, also on active service.